The biometric is a technology of measuring, science and it analyze the biological data. In the modern communications approximately it has accessible electronically, users of computer technology, it has increment in electronic services and with the security system. It improves in the election system with the help of new technologies in voting process. The information about election data is stored, recorded and processed the above information as a digital information. In olden days the information security is with the help of military and instructions of the government. The human body characteristic like DNA, fingerprints, voice patterns and hand measurements is used for authentication purpose. The e-services and information security are making sure that data, communication, have the security and privacy enable.
What is a Biometric Voting Machine?
The electronic voting machines are using in Indian general and state elections to implement electronic voting. This machine can reduce the time of voters and easy to count by comparing the ballot system. In earlier days there were rumors about the EVM’s but as per the Delhi court and supreme court the electronic voting machines are using. The following image shows the electronic voting machine.
Electronic Voting Machine
The e-voting is known as electronic voting. It is a voting and by using the electronic resources to help and taken care of the tasks and counting votes. The ranges of internet services are included in e-voting and it depends on the situation. The amount of automation may vary from simple task to a solution that can have voter registration, votes input, local, vote date services, tabulation and administration of elections. Admirable e-voting system should be done most no of tasks and full fill the set of standard establishments through regular bodies.
The electronic voting machine contains punched cards, optical scan voting systems and particular voting kiosks. It can engage ballots transmission and votes via telephone and the internet. Generally there are two types of e-voting, which are the following
- Which is physically supervised by representatives of governmental or independent electoral authorities for an example in the polling stations
- I- voters where the voter can vote at home and also without going to the polling station.
The electronic voting machine can count the ballots very fast and it can reduce the human paying staff for counting votes. It can provide better convenience for unknown votes. Hence there is a disputation, particularly in the United States. Many of the countries are not using e-voting system.
Biometric Voting System
The word biometric came from the term of biological behavior. Some behaviors of the biometric voting system are finger printer, Hand & facial geometric, voice recognition and had writing recognition. In the biometric voting system employed the electrons and it would be fair and free from ringing.
In this system we have used thumb impression for voter identification or authentication. Every person has an individual unique thumb impression and it helps with accuracy. In a constituency the thumb impression of the database is created for all the voters through this the illegal and repetition of votes is checked. Thus, in this system the electrons are employed and there is a free & fair from ringing.
Finger Print Scanner
The fingerprint scanner consists of fingerprint sensor, A/D converter, flash ROM and DSP chip.
Finger Print Sensor
The fingerprint sensor is used for scanning the thumb impression. The scanning data is in the from analog. Further, this process is converted by the A/D converter
In the A/D converter it converts analog data to the digital data sensor and it is transformed to the processor.
The flash ROM is used to store the data temporarily in DSP process and this will work until the data transform to the main memory of the HOST.
The DSP chip is used for processing and receiving the data. For further transfer of data the DSP port is used.
It is used for the communication between DSP processor and memory (data base).
The extension of thumb impression from the memory is the next process. In the form of pixels the fingerprints are stored in the future. The pixels are sent to the pattern matching then the fingerprint is compared with the database records. If the fingerprint pattern is matched with the records, then the vote accepted. If the fingerprint is not matched with the records, then the vote is rejected.
Biometric Voting Machine
The purpose of voting is to vote to communicate their choice about specific issues, to choose their government or political representatives and piece of legislation. To call their votes more and more technologies are assisted. Around the world the voting system is in following steps.
- Authentication and voter identification.
- Voting and recording of votes cast.
- Vote counting.
- Publication of election result.
Block Diagram of Biometric Voting Machine
The following block diagram shows the Biometric voting machine with the help of Arduino. The hardware requirements of this voting machine are Power supply, fingerprint module, LCD display, and Arduino. This project is designed by a prototype of a product, biometric voting machine, it allows voters and this product can make easy for registered voters. By using the SDK software the fingerprint can be enrolled.
If the person is already voted or not registered then the error message is displayed through this illegal voting is avoided. The total vote can display by the main officer after the actual voting starts and if the fingerprints of the officer should be verified. The new voting is started after the memory is reset.
Biometric Voter Register System
To register voters the biometric voter register system is used. It requires a laptop, fingerprint scanner, and with a camera. The biometric voter register will capture the facial image of voters, finger prints, and civil data, identity card, passport number, and telephone numbers etc. The registration is done at the registration centers and the individual person should be voted. This system was developed by the IEBC to register the voters and it is started before the 2013 general elections.
The data of BVR machines transfer to a centralized storage server with the help of the copy registers are printed. To check and verify the registration details of a person the thumbnail of the voters is used.
- Providing the preventive measures system for voting.
- It cannot provide any chance to invalid votes.
- It reduces the timing of polling.
- At the counting centers, it can provide easy and accurate counting without any troubles.
This article describes about the Fingerprint Recognition Based Biometric Voting Machine. By reading the above information the article has given some basic knowledge about the biometric voting machine. If you have any queries about this article or to implement in electrical and electronics projects, please comment in the below section. Here is the question for you, What are the functions of the biometric voting machines?